Truck Driver Shortage and High Turnover Rate Could Spell Trouble for Those Who Share the Road

Truck LoadingThe first quarter of 2017 showed truck driver turnover for large carriers (revenues more than $300 million) at a rate of 74 percent. While most businesses would blush at such a high number—even the notoriously transient restaurant/hospitality industry only averaged 72.9 percent in 2016—the trucking industry has actually experiencing a LOW volume of turnover over the past two years, relative to other recent years.

This all leads to the unspoken question of, “What’s considered a HIGH rate of turnover for freight carriers?” The answer may surprise you. 2012 and 2015 showed rates that exceeded 100 percent—106 percent and 102 percent to be exact—meaning that many companies were completely changing out their driver pool within a year’s time and then some. It’s a sobering fact to consider as you’re on the highway going 65 miles per hour next to a driver who probably hasn’t even logged that many weeks with his or her current company or route, not to mention the real possibility that the individual is new to the industry altogether.

Yet, even with such high turnover, trucking is in the midst of a worrisome shortage of drivers. In 2015, the driver shortage was estimated to be between 35,000 and 40,000. Now, new projections show that 2017 could come up short by as many as 100,000 drivers. This potentially means more stress and more time on the road for existing drivers; equating to a higher threat to the safety of other drivers. Sure, many large-scale carriers are starting to look at hi-tech solutions like driverless trucks and platooning technology, but the safety issue still remains and such a reality could be years down the road. Others point out that it’s not just the U.S. experiencing this phenomenon, as the United Kingdom and parts of Europe are witnessing a similar trend. As unemployment in the United States continues to fall and other industries continue to grow, the outlook for long-haul trucking might be a dim one.

Some believe that a different pay structure or incentives such as free training, better advancement opportunities or other benefits could entice more of the workforce into these jobs. Such perks would also encourage employees to operate at a higher standard, which would most likely include watching out for the safety of people like you and me. An hourly pay structure might result in significantly lower turnover, since now, many drivers are not paid for time when they sit and wait to load or unload.

Whatever the solution, it’s a problem that needs to be addressed. No industry should have such a high turnover rate. Hopefully this number will continue to decrease as it has in recent years; as a lower level of turnover hints at a higher level of commitment—an admirable trait for those who are behind the wheel of these big trucks with which we share the road.

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A Discussion of Serious Personal Injury & Wrongful Death Involving Truck Accidents

A Discussion of Serious Personal Injury & Wrongful Death Involving Truck Accidents. Guests: Truck Accident Attorney Members of the National Board of Trial Advocates Truck Accident Division and of the Academy of Truck Accident Attorneys — Rena Samole Leizerman  and Joseph Fried. Questions for Chuck’s guests? Please call toll-free 1-866-798-8255.

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Georgia Officials Propose Semi-Only Lanes In An Effort to Ease Traffic

Truck only lanes for the most pare are a rare sight in the United States; however, with the rapid increase in truck travel in key locations in the U.S., especially near major ports and intermodal centers, truck only lanes are being considered in more locations to facilitate traffic flow and reduce the potential for truck-auto crashes.

In fact, the state of Georgia is currently considering such a measure. According to the AJC, the state plans to spend $2 billion to build truck-only lanes along 40 miles of I-75 between Macon and McDonough.

It will be the largest truck-only project in the nation and is expected to cost $2 billion. When the roadway is completed – expected in 2030 – the state may consider adding additional truck-only lanes in the opposite direction.

The concept reportedly has never been tried before in the U.S., at least not on this scale. Top state officials are convinced the truck lanes will reduce congestion and make the interstate safer.

The truck lanes are part of a plan to invest billions of dollars in new road projects over the next decade. The construction will be paid for with proceeds from a mix of new taxes and fees imposed as part of a sweeping transportation funding bill (House Bill 170) that took effect July 1, 2015.

According to The Telegraph, states from the East Coast to the West have studied truck-only lanes, but there are only a few limited stretches of non-tolled, barrier-separated lanes.

This is not the first time Georgia officials have considered truck-only lanes. A 2008 GDOT report slammed brakes on the idea of a system of truck-only lanes on metro Atlanta’s freeways, saying it was a costly plan that would primarily benefit the small number of trucks that travel during rush hours. It suggested, though, that on I-75 from Chattanooga to Macon, truck-only lanes had “preliminary merit.”

Funding for this latest project would come from Georgia’s gas tax and possibly federal funds, officials said. The lanes would be the first of their kind on a large scale, said Ed Crowell, president of the Georgia Motor Trucking Association. Several states have studied truck-only lanes, but there are only a few limited stretches of non-tolled, barrier-separated lanes.

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Woman Killed after Semi Slams into Parked SUV on Side of Road

According to troopers in Mississippi, over the weekend a woman was killed as she sat between two vehicles parked on the side of the road.

The victim has since been identified as 26-year-old Ashley Danzer. Another person, Jamia Ransome, age 28, suffered serious injuries in the crash, troopers said.

Authorities say Danzer passed away on scene after an 18 wheeler slammed into the vehicles, a parked GMC Yukon and a For Explorer. The accident happened on Interstate 20 during the early morning of April 30th.

Prior to the deadly crash, Mississippi Highway Patrol say the Yukon pulled over have the driver realized it had a flat tire. The Explorer was parked with the GMC and the driver stopped to help.

Meanwhile, the semi was traveling eastbound on I-20 when it veered off the road and hit the back of the Explorer. This caused the Explorer to ram into the GMC Yukon.

Ransome was sitting on the GMC tailgate when the crash happened. She was pinned between the vehicles in the crash and suffered major injuries. The second woman, Danzer, was sitting on the ground and died instantly in the collision.

Authorities say there were a total of five people in the Yukon when the tire went flat. The remaining three people traveling in the GMC were outside of the vehicle and not injured.

The driver of the Ford Explorer was inside her vehicle when her car was rear-ended.

She was transported to UMMC with injuries. As for the trucker, he was also taken to UMMC with injuries.

According to MHP, The semi driver stated that another 18-wheeler forced him off the road while passing him.

Troopers are still attempting to validate his claims as they continue to investigate the deadly crash.

If you or a loved one have been involved in a crash at no fault of your own, call us today to find out how we can possibly help.

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Study: Truck Drivers with Untreated Sleep Apnea at Greater Risk of Crashing

Truck drivers who fail to adhere to treatment for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) have a fivefold increase in the risk of serious, preventable crashes, according to a new study led by University of Minnesota.

The study compared more than 1,600 truck drivers diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) to an equal number of drivers screened as unlikely to have OSA. Drivers with the disease were given the gold-standard treatment: a mask with an air pump worn while sleeping to keep the airway open (an auto-adjusting positive airway pressure machine), and its use was electronically monitored.

Treatment carried no out-of-pocket costs under the study firm’s employee medical insurance plan. The rates of preventable serious truck crashes per 100,000 miles driven were compared across the study groups.

“To put our findings in context, if we look at 1,000 truck drivers each working for a year, the drivers with obstructive sleep apnea who refuse mandated treatment would have 70 preventable serious truck crashes, compared to 14 crashes experienced by both a control group and by drivers with sleep apnea who adhered to treatment,” said Stephen Burks, lead author of the study, and professor of economics and management at Morris.

Burks organizes Morris’s Truckers & Turnover Project (T&T), assisted by Jon Anderson, professor of statistics, and Rebecca Haider (’13), research coordinator. T&T performed the statistical analysis of the study data, acquired from Schneider, the first major motor carrier to institute an internal OSA program, and its sleep apnea services provider, Precision Pulmonary Diagnostics (PPD).

Anderson said, “I expect our sleep apnea findings will be carefully considered in the rulemaking process on sleep apnea standards for truck drivers and train operators just launched on March 8, 2016 by the US Department of Transportation.”

Burks said, “The paper’s results suggest putting obstructive sleep apnea screening standards in the medical exam commercial truck drivers take every two years. I am very pleased that Morris students have helped add to the scientific evidence that will be used in this important public policy-making process.”

The study was published online in late March in the journal Sleep. It is reportedly the largest study of sleep apnea and crash risk among commercial motor vehicle drivers to date.

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California Trucker Forced to Shut Down after Repeated DUI Violations

The U.S. Department of Transportation’s Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) has declared California-licensed truck driver Yakov Zaverukha to be an imminent hazard to public safety and has ordered him not to operate any commercial motor vehicle in interstate commerce. Zaverukha, a commercial driver’s license (CDL) holder, was served the federal order on March 25, 2016.

On March 21, 2016, while operating a large commercial truck, Zaverukha was stopped and cited by the Illinois State Police for driving under the influence of alcohol with a blood alcohol level of 0.308 percent – nearly seven times the limit set by federal statute.

On that occasion, Zaverukha was also cited for possession of intoxicating beverage while on-duty or driving and for failing to retain driver logbooks for the previous seven day period – both immediate out-of-service violations. Zaverukha further received citations for the illegal transportation of alcohol and improper lane usage.

Previously, Zaverukha was convicted twice in Connecticut of alcohol-related violations while operating a commercial motor vehicle and once in Massachusetts.

On November 2, 2012, Zaverukha was convicted by the state of Connecticut for refusing a breath alcohol test; his CDL was suspended for approximately eight months. Later, on December 12, 2012, Zaverukha was again convicted in Connecticut for the same offense resulting in the suspension of his CDL for approximately 15 months.

In 2007, the state of Massachusetts convicted Zaverukha of multiple violations of driving under the influence of alcohol/drugs while operating a commercial motor vehicle. Following that conviction, Zaverukha’s CDL was suspended for approximately one year.

FMCSA’s imminent hazard out-of-service order states that his driving history “…demonstrates that Zaverukha is unwilling or unable to cease operating a commercial motor vehicle while using alcohol,” adding that his “…continued operation of a commercial motor vehicle…puts the motoring public at imminent risk for serious bodily injury or death if not discontinued immediately.” Zaverukha also may be subject to a civil penalty enforcement proceeding brought by FMCSA for his violation of the agency’s safety regulations.

Violating an imminent hazard out-of-service order by a CDL holder may result in civil penalties of not less than $2,750 and disqualification from operating a commercial vehicle for not less than 180 days for a first offense.  A second offense may result in civil penalties of up to $5,500 and disqualification from operating a commercial vehicle for not less than two years.  Failure to comply with the provisions of the imminent hazard out-of-service order may also result in criminal charges brought by the U.S. Attorney’s Office.

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Semi Driver Flees Scene After Fatal Crash with Pickup Truck

Police in California are actively looking for a trucker accused of fleeing the scene after a deadly crash on the early morning of April 30th.

Shortly before 3 a.m., investigators said the driver of the 18-wheeler ran a red light before colliding with a pickup truck that was found lodged underneath the trailer of the big rig.

According to authorities, the suspect apparently detached the cab from the trailer and fled.

When emergency crews arrived on scene, they found two men trapped inside the pickup truck.

The driver was removed from underneath the trailer and transported to a nearby hospital in critical condition, police said. The passenger of the truck was pronounced dead at the scene.

Police have confirmed that the driver had been involved in a minor crash near Soto and 37th streets shortly before the deadly incident.

Authorities say the driver of the 18-wheeler is described as a tall white male, Gray said. The trailer left behind was not reported stolen, officials said. The identity of the driver is still under investigation.

However, they have identified a man by the name of Guillermo Ortiz Jr. as “a person of interest” in the crash.

If convicted, the trucker could face several charges, including: fleeing the scene of an accident and manslaughter.


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Deadly Crash Results in the Shutdown of Massachusetts-Based Trucker

The U.S. Department of Transportation’s Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration has declared Worcester, Massachusetts-based trucking company John A. Robles (J and J Transportation) to be an imminent hazard to public safety and ordered that it immediately cease all intrastate and interstate operations.

Records Not Supplied to FMCSA:

In early February 2016, FMCSA investigators stated that they visited J and J Transportation to conduct a compliance review. The company refused, or was unable, to produce:

  • Vehicle maintenance records, including servicing schedules, or documentation otherwise indicating that the company had a vehicle maintenance program;
  • Drivers’ vehicle inspection reports or evidence that drivers undertook federally required pre-trip and post-trip safety inspections;
  • Evidence that defects identified in past roadside inspections had been corrected – before allowing that particular vehicle to be dispatched again;
  • Records for a majority of its drivers specially addressing driver qualification documentation, leading J and J Transportation to dispatch multiple drivers that possessed suspended or invalid commercial driver’s licenses (CDL);
  • Medical examiner’s certificates for its drivers;
  • Complete records-of-duty status for its drivers or supporting documents, such as fuel and toll receipts; and
  • Records for a majority of its driver documenting that they underwent mandatory pre-employment controlled substances tests – before performing a safety-sensitive function including operating a commercial motor vehicle.

Deadly Crash Incident:

On December 4, 2015, authorities say a commercial truck operated by J and J Transportation was involved in a single vehicle crash, fatally injuring the driver. The post-crash investigation by the New York State Police found multiple violations by the driver of federal hours-of-service regulations. The same driver had been cited for false records of duty status during roadside inspections that occurred on October 20, 2015 and again on December 2, 2015.

During the compliance investigation, J and J Transportation was unable to show that it had taken any subsequent action following the two roadside inspections to ensure that the driver – and all its drivers – complied with federal hours-of-service and records of duty status regulations.

According to the FMCSA, J and J Transportation’s continued use of unsafe vehicles and its failure to adequately oversee its drivers to ensure compliance with federal safety regulations substantially increases the likelihood of serious harm to its drivers and to the motoring public.

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Wyoming Trucking Company Order to Shut Down Following Repeated Violations

Pictured: Screenshot from Bar D Bar’s website

Pictured: Screenshot from Bar D Bar’s website

The U.S. Department of Transportation’s Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration recently announced that it has ordered Gillette, Wyoming-based Bar D Bar Trucking, LLC, to close up shop.

According to the agency, it must cease all intrastate and interstate operations after a federal investigation found the carrier to pose an imminent hazard to public safety. Bar D Bar Trucking was served the federal order on March 11, 2016.

On March 8, 2016, Bar D Bar Trucking was subject to a federal compliance review investigation. FMCSA safety investigators stated that they found the company owner and operator, Gregory Davis, to be in violation of multiple federal safety regulations including:

  • Failing to conduct pre-employment background checks on drivers;
  • Failing to ensure drivers were qualified before dispatching them in commercial operations;
  • Failing to properly monitor drivers to ensure compliance with hours-of-service requirements;
  • Failing to conduct random drug and alcohol tests on drivers;
  • Using a driver who tested positive for controlled substance, and;
  • Failing to ensure that its vehicles were regularly inspected, maintained and repaired and that they met minimum safety standards.

“Bar D Bar Trucking LLC is a recognized leader on the local market and a growing company, and we’re proud of that fact,” reads the trucking company’s website. “The driving force behind our reputation is our employees, who have invested a lot of energy in the development of our business.”

The statement seems to almost contradict federal investigators’ recent findings. These investigators say they also found that Bar D Bar Trucking had continued to allow Gregory Davis to operate a commercial vehicle despite Davis not possessing a valid commercial driver’s license (CDL) and subject to a lifetime CDL disqualification.

“Bar D Bar Trucking’s continued use of unsafe vehicles and its failure to adequately oversee its drivers to ensure compliance with federal safety regulations substantially increases the likelihood of serious harm to its drivers and to the motoring public,” read a statement by the FMCSA.

Violating an imminent hazard out-of-service order may result in a penalty of up to $25,000, operating without operating authority may result in a fine of not less than $10,000, and operating without a USDOT number may result in a civil penalty of up to $16,000.

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Police: Big Rig Crashes into House after Brakes Fail

Fatigue, drinking alcohol, and speeding are all major factors in motor vehicle crashes. However, many are also due to mechanical failures—one of the biggest being brake failure.

In fact, a recent study sponsored by the U.S. Department of Transportation found that nearly 30% of all large truck crashes involved brake failure, brakes out of adjustment or other brake-related issues.

One big-rig driver knows about brake failure all too well. He recently suffered non-life-threatening injuries after California troopers say he crashed into an unoccupied house after his brakes failed him.

The driver — identified as Ulyssis Gonzales, 29, told authorities he tried to stop for a stop sign; however, after his brakes gave out, he plowed through a power pole and into a home.

“The entire truck was basically inside the house,” Officer Art Montiel told the Contra Costa Times, adding that the 18-wheeler overturned and spilled a load of dirt.

The crash reportedly knocked out power to more than 140 residents, said J.D. Guidi, a spokesman for Pacific Gas & Electric Co.

It’s not known when Gonzales last had his 18-wheeler inspected; however, it is required by the FMCSA once per year.

According to the agency, it is the responsibility of the motor carrier to ensure that all parts and accessories on commercial motor vehicles intended for use in interstate commerce for which they are responsible are maintained at, or promptly repaired to, the minimum standards set forth.

Fortunately, there were no injuries. This incident should service as a reminder of why it’s so crucial that commercial driver should properly inspect their vehicle often. It could save them a lot of grief in the long run and could save somebody’s life.


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